Al Swearingen's Humble Beginnings at the Cricket Saloon

Swaringer, Al finishing front in grand style
Aug 12 1876
In regard to: Swaringer, Al

Swearinger, E.A. Notice, pay no debts except by him
Aug 26 1876
In regard to: Swearinger, E.A.

Swearinger, E.A. no debts paid without his order
Sep 09 1876
In regard to: Swearinger, E.A.

Swearingen's Cricket Saloon
Prize Fight, J. Marr and G. Latimer

Cricket Saloon Al Swearenger owner, Deadwood
Jan 13 1877
In regard to: Cricket Saloon

Nuttail, Billy referee in Marr and Latimer fight
In regard to: Nuttall, William
Jan 13 1877

Latimer, George know as "Cook The Kid" to fight
In regard to: Latimer, George
Jan 13 1877

Marr, Johnny known as "Belfast Chicken" to fight
In regard to: Marr, Johnny, butcher
Jan 13 1877

Officiated as seconds in fight
In regard to: Williams, Jack
In regard to: Brady, Tim
Jan 13 1877

Deadwood, Impromptu prize fight
In regard to: Deadwood
Jan 13 1877

Even Mundane Duties As Sheriff Can Turn Fanciful 1877

July 1877 Bullock Serves Up A Writ of Attachment
Against The Proprietor Of The Gem Saloon And Theatre

Deadwood Gem Theatre

Swearingen, Al Gem Variety Theatre opens
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert
Apr 07 1877

Swearingen, Al in Gem Theatre
May 26 1877
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert

Swearinger, Al a drunk points revolver at him
May 30 1877
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert E.

Swearenger, Al will get Baby McDonald and James McDonald
Jun 09 1877
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert E.

Swearinger, Al left for Cheyenne
Jun 30 1877
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert E.

Al Swearinger arrived on Cheyenne with Vaide Sisters
Jul 08 1877
In regard to: Gem Theatre
In regard to: Swearinger, Al

Bullock, Sheriff runs Gem Theatre
In regard to: Bullock, Seth
Jul 25 1877

Swarenger, Mr. proprietor of Gem being sued
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert E.
Jul 26 1877

Bullock, Sheriff holding referee court at Gem
In regard to: Bullock, Seth
Jul 26 1877

Gem theatre proprietor before Sheriff's jury
Jul 28 1877
In regard to: Gem Theatre

Gem Theatre is again running, Swearingen
Jul 28 1877
In regard to: Gem Theatre

Ownership of Gem Theatre decided in favor of Hutchins and Trempy
In regard to: Trempy,
In regard to: Hutchins
Aug 06 1877

Swearinger, Al in court
Aug 14 1877
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert E.

Swearingen, Al to hold masquerade ball at Gem
Dec 11 1877
In regard to: Swearinger, Albert E.

Taxes unpaid for 1877, land to be sold for taxes
Sep 02 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A

Swearingen's dance hall, man with delirium tremens
Sep 06 1878
In regard to: Swearingen Dance Hall

Sheriff's Sale
Jan 10 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Ordered large tent to be used as portable dance hall
Feb 01 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Notice, has left husband's bed and board
Feb 18 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Notice, not responsible for wife's debts
Feb 18 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Leaves Deadwood
Feb 21 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E, Mrs

Coming in on the Sidney coach
Mar 07 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

Grand Masquerade Ball
May 30 1878
In regard to: Swearengen, E.A.

Grand Masquerade Ball postponed
Jun 01 1878
In regard to: Swearengen, E.A.

Has now received costumes for masquerade ball
Jun 01 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Proprietor of Gem dance hall throws Thomas out
Jun 25 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Al

In Court
Jun 26 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Al

Building a place near Camp Bear Butte
Jul 20 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Al

Incoming Travelers from Sidney
Aug 24 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E, Mrs

Incoming Travelers from Sidney
Aug 24 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E, Mrs

In Deadwood
Aug 27 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E, Mrs

Leaves Deadwood
Oct 16 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Incoming Travelers from Sidney
Oct 28 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

More on how "Doc" Goodale escaped
Oct 30 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Leaves Deadwood
Oct 30 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

Gave White $500 for performers, believe he's gone
Dec 13 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Telegraphed White that he is on his way to the Hills
Dec 14 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Al
In regard to: White, O.A.

White telegraphs him that he is bringing troupe
Dec 16 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

New variety combination gave their first performance
Dec 19 1878
In regard to: Swearingen,

Reporter Whitton, Pioneer Newspaper, writes letter about Hillers in Leadville
Feb 17 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, A.

Swearingen and Miller working on a variety troupe
May 17 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Variety troupe left Chicago yesterday
Jun 15 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Manager at Gem promises a brilliant season
Jun 24 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Introduced the variety of artists from Chicago
Jun 27 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Congratulate him on having such first class talent
Jul 15 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Al

Death, Keziah Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Iowa
Jul 16, 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Al, mother of

Manager to be congratulated on selection of actors
Aug 01 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Manager of Gem to give first ball of the season
Aug 27 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Al Swearingen "Striking evidence of energy and pluck of our citizens"

Deadwood' Big Fire September 1879

Contributors to the fire fund adding up
Sep 14 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Losses in the big fire of September 27, $6,000.
Sep 27 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

To rebuild Gem theatre, soon as material obtained
Sep 30 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Gem Theatre foundation up, in earnest to rebuild
Oct 05 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Has new dance house nearly completed
Oct 07 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Dance house was in full blast last evening
Oct 08 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Gals and bovine persuaders tripped the light fantast
Oct 11 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Stretched tent over new building to keep out rain
Oct 17 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

For Sale-Bran new wall tent, never stretched but 1 time
Oct 17 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Erecting more commodious bldg on site of old Gem
Nov 01 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Intends to open out on 15th with variety troupe
Nov 04 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Will reopen the Gem Theatre Thursday night
Nov 26 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Striking evidence of energy and pluck of our citizen
Nov 27 1879
In regard to: Swearingen,

Look out for grand opening ball at new Gem Theatre
Nov 27 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Grand ball will be given at Gem on Christmas Eve
Dec 23 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Sidney coach arrived with Manager Swearingen's new troupe
Dec 30 1879
In regard to: Swearingen,

Gem Theatre largest and grandest temple of amusement
Dec 31 1879
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Has made a success of it this time at the Gem
Jan 01 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Has more than fulfilled his promises for Gem Theatre
Jan 03 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E

The Can Can will certainly be a magnet for Gem
Jan 14 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Entertainment at Gem increasing in excellence
Jan 18 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

The sole proprietor of the Gem Theatre, ad
Feb 01 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

Has secured services of Miss Fannie Douglass
Feb 14 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Manager has got the right men in the right place
Feb 17 1880
In regard to: Swearingen,

Will be a grand calico ball at the Gem tonight
Feb 20 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Miss Douglass is a valuable acquisition for him
Feb 20 1880
In regard to: Swearingen,

Performers at the Gem take up donations for Sexton
Feb 24 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

New Gem Theatre, open every night, ad
Mar 02 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

Takes her departure for Omaha this morning
Apr 17 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E. Mrs.

New variety troupe arrived by Sidney Coach yesterday
Apr 22 1880
In regard to: Swearingen,

Benefits at Gem given for his benefit not employee
Jun 10 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Victims of cigar box racket cooking Raymond’s goose
Aug 14 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

List of premiums that will be given during fair
Aug 28 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, A.

Cases on court docket which are ready for trial
Aug 31 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

New troupe left Cincinnati yesterday morning
Sep 03 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Opening new "Temple of Thespis" with grand ball
Sep 07 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Runk vs Swearengen, judgment in favor of plaintiff on stipulation
Sep 15 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Assaulted Lena Bruce so violently he was fined $10
Nov 21 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Assaulted by Swearingen at Gem for disobeying rule
Nov 21 1880
In regard to: Bruce, Lena

Victim of cigar racket pays fine
Mar 03 1881
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

Victim of cigar racket to pay $25.50 in costs
Mar 06 1881
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Plead guilty for selling liquor without license
Mar 27 1881
In regard to: Swearingen, E.A.

Re-organized his company and will reopen at the Gem
Apr 30 1881
In regard to: Swearingen,

In New York to get new troupe
Aug 01 1881
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Paid $100 fine that went into city treasury
Aug 17 1881
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

To arrive in Deadwood
with new theatrical company
Aug 29 1881
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Came in with troupe to start up at Gem theater
Aug 31 1881
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

In Deadwood
Apr 16 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Summons
Sep 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Swearengen left Sidney with new troupe for Gem
Sep 16 1882
In regard to: Gem Theatre

Telegraphed departure from Sidney with new troupe
Sep 16 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Summons
Oct 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Summons
Nov 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Statement of losses by Deadwood citizens from flood
May 20 1883
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Delinquent tax sale, property sold for non-payment
Sep 08 1883
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

South Deadwood Hose Company thanks friends and businesses
for helping them hold their New Year's reception.
January 4, 1884
In regard to: Swearengen, A.

Final report of celebration committee.
July 18, 1884
Subscriptions paid for Fourth of July
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Pierre coach.
Sept 3, 1884
Pierre coach arrives at 3:30.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

A den of prostitution.
Sept 5, 1884
A den of prostitution under the guise of a dance hall;
stocked with unsuspecting and innocent girls.
In regard to: Cornell, John D.
In regard to: Canagie, Wes.
In regard to: Maguire, Alice.
In regard to: Marron, Maria.
In regard to: Chappel, Mollie.
In regard to: Irwin, Joe.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Dunn, William L.
In regard to: Tyler, William Pitt.
In regard to: Wertheimer, Jacob.

Pierre coach.
Dec 3, 1884
Pierre coach passed Rapid City at 8 p.m.
In regard to: Swearingen, E. A.

District court.
April 10, 1885
A.A. Choteau vs. A.E. Swearingen.
In regard to: Choteau, Azby A.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Who the people want.
April 15, 1885
Names of those endorsing Sol Star for mayor
In regard to: Baer, Ben.
In regard to: Star, Sol.
In regard to: Bent, E. C.
In regard to: Kohorn and Weidenfeld.
In regard to: Burroughs, F. M.
In regard to: Whealen, W. H.
In regard to: Kohn, A.
In regard to: Gib Stone and Company.
In regard to: Robinson, G. H.
In regard to: Bonham, W. H.
In regard to: Frawley, Henry.
In regard to: Taylor, Z.
In regard to: Denman, J. L.
In regard to: Gerard, Martin.
In regard to: Keith, J. G.
In regard to: Erchmann, W.
In regard to: Cornell, J. D.
In regard to: Dotson, O.
In regard to: Stilwell, L. W.
In regard to: Masterson, J.
In regard to: Connell, L.
In regard to: McHugh, P. C.
In regard to: Gillett and Heckman.
In regard to: Keenan, P. F.
In regard to: Gandolfo, J. E.
In regard to: Brennicke, William.
In regard to: Mauss, John.
In regard to: Lincoln, M. G.
In regard to: Warner, Porter.
In regard to: Gottstein, M.
In regard to: Coe, A. W.
In regard to: Rosenthal, Sol.
In regard to: Hunter, John.
In regard to: Tracy, Joseph.
In regard to: Cornell, S. P.
In regard to: Browning, James.
In regard to: Jewett, E. H.
In regard to: Otice, John.
In regard to: O'Brien, J. W.
In regard to: Hunter, R. W.
In regard to: Schubert, J.
In regard to: Swearingen, E. A.
In regard to: Phillips, K. G.
In regard to: Nelson, O.
In regard to: Winn, George W.
In regard to: Wardman, Henry Benjamin
In regard to: Randolph, Charles M.
In regard to: Hamilton, Frank W.
In regard to: Adams, James H.

Lawrence County Commission meeting.
July 12, 1885
legal advertisement.
Lawrence County Commission July 1 meeting to approve liquor licenses.
In regard to: Lawrence County Commission.
In regard to: Swearingen, E. A.

Delinquent tax sale.
Sept 5, 1885
legal advertisement.
Lawrence County treasurer advertises delinquent tax for Deadwood
In regard to: Deadwood.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Lawrence County Commission.
Oct 18, 1885
Lawrence County Commission Oct. 7 meeting
In regard to: Lawrence County Commission.
In regard to: Swearingen, A.

Foreboding Sign of Tumultuous Times Ahead

Death, Daniel J. Swearingen
Died Jan 29 1886, Yankton, D.T., consumption
In regard to: Swearingen, Al, father of
Body returned to and buried Mahaska County, Iowa

District court March 31.
March 31, 1886
District court cases.
In regard to: Choteau, Azby A.
In regard to: Evans, Fredrick T.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Passenger lists April 22.
April 22, 1886
Arrivals and departures via Northwestern.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Swearengen returns from Chicago.
May 11, 1886
Al Swearengen returned by Sunday's coach from Chicago.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Passenger lists May 11.
May 11, 1886
Arrivals and departures via Northwestern.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Passenger list Oct. 28.
Oct. 28, 1886
Arrivals and departures via Northwestern.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Passenger lists Oct. 30.
Oct. 30, 1886
Arrivals and departures via Northwestern.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Hall's court Dec. 22.
Dec. 22, 1886
Territory vs. Henry Russell; Mrs. Halliday files against Wm. Phaskel for larceny;
Bad Lands theft claim dismissed.
In regard to: Hall, George H.
In regard to: Russell, Henry.
In regard to: Marshbanks, Mattie.
In regard to: Marshbanks, Lucretia.
In regard to: McLaughlin, Will.
In regard to: Halliday, Nora.
In regard to: Phaskel, William.
In regard to: Dunn, William L.
In regard to: Fink, Joseph.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Duffy, John C.

Swearingen charges former employee.
April 13, 1887
Warrant issued at instance of Al Swearingen for arrest of recent employee,
charged with larceny of $120. "Guy," departed by yesterday's coach,
but was apprehended at Rapid.
In regard to: Wilmot, Guy J.
In regard to: Hall, George H.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Honeymoon interrupted.
April 14, 1887
Honeymoon of Guy John Wilmot unceremoniously interrupted
by ruthless arm of the law.
In regard to: Wilmot, Guy J.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Chimamen's cases called up.
April 15, 1887
The Chimamen's cases were called up yesterday, three of 'em,
all of 'em of the Gunn family.
In regard to: Quong Gunn.
In regard to: Yung Gunn.
In regard to: Hi Gunn.
In regard to: Hamilton, W. L.
In regard to: Damon, Harry.
In regard to: Bad Lands.
In regard to: Coon Sing.
In regard to: Wilmot, Guy J.
In regard to: Boyd, Sheriff.
In regard to: Harvey, Tom.
In regard to: McLaughlin, Will.
In regard to: Burns, John.
In regard to: Patterson,
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Taxes and licenses.
July 2, 1887
No great rush at either county or city treasurer's office,
and yet respective forces busily engaged issuing licenses.
In regard to: Fox, Alvin.
In regard to: Shurtz, John C.
In regard to: Rosebrough, Charles.
In regard to: Otice, John.
In regard to: Walton, Thomas.
In regard to: Burton, Minnie.
In regard to: Wilson, George.
In regard to: Broghamer, Joseph.
In regard to: Townsley, T. F.
In regard to: Douglas, George.
In regard to: Haskell, Belle.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Court report Aug. 18.
Aug. 18, 1887
No criminal cases in readiness, petit jury excused until Monday; territorial cases.
In regard to: Thomas, Charles M.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Johnson, Martin.
In regard to: Blood, William M.
In regard to: Becker, Adolph.
In regard to: Seelig, Michael.
In regard to: Long, John.
In regard to: Star, Solomon.
In regard to: Smith, Harry.
In regard to: Mason, Norman t.
In regard to: Bullion Mining Company.
In regard to: Williams, W. H.
In regard to: Pryor, Thomas D.

Court report Aug. 20.
Aug. 20, 1887
Territory vs. George Scales and J.L. Woolson; Indictments for keeping disorderly house
issued to Abe Hill, William Hanke, A.E. Searingen and Joseph Hayes.
In regard to: Thomas, Charles M.
In regard to: Scales, George.
In regard to: Woolson, J. I.
In regard to: Hill, Abe.
In regard to: Hanke, William.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Hayes, Joseph.

Court report Sept. 1.
Sept. 1, 1887
Just enough court business on hand to put in full time without being rushed.
In regard to: Thomas, Charles M.
In regard to: Sunn, David.
In regard to: Berk, Charles W.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Arnold, G. S.
In regard to: Leray, Harry De.
In regard to: Lawson, C. C.
In regard to: Early, P. H.
In regard to: Anderson, Charles.
In regard to: Saunders, Thomas F.
In regard to: Baird, Isaac C.
In regard to: Ridpath, James F.
In regard to: Young, H. B.
In regard to: Taylor, George C.
In regard to: Forrester, Eli T.
In regard to: Fay, G. M.
In regard to: McLaughlin, William L.
In regard to: Manning, John P.
In regard to: Dunn, William L.
In regard to: Walters, Thomas.
In regard to: Harvey, Thomas E.
In regard to: Parker, William H.
In regard to: Stone, Gib.
In regard to: Mahan, John.
In regard to: Carney, James.
In regard to: Castner, M. V.
In regard to: Adams, James H.
In regard to: Stacy, Charles.
In regard to: Large, A.
In regard to: Balsly, A. W.
In regard to: Manning, Tom.
In regard to: Baker, J. C.
In regard to: Powers, Patrick.
In regard to: Duffy, John C.

Court report Sept. 2.
Sept. 2, 1887
Territory vs. Wm. M. Blood; James W. Weeks vs. James Watkins and Jeannette Z. Forbes;
Studebaker Company vs. Arthur B. Agno; Territory vs. Toy Kim;
Swearingen jury unable to agree.
In regard to: Thomas, Charles M.
In regard to: Blood, William M.
In regard to: Weeks, James W.
In regard to: Watkins, James.
In regard to: Forbes, Jeannette, Z.
In regard to: Agno, Arthur B.
In regard to: Toy Kim.
In regard to: Chinese.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Deadwood's morals.
Sept. 15, 1887
Omaha Herad comments upon the subject of "Moral Roundup of the City."
In regard to: Deadwood.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.

Passenger lists Jan. 11.
Jan. 11, 1888
Arrivals and departures via Northwestern.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Passenger lists Jan. 27.
Jan. 27, 1888
Arrivals and departures via Northwestern and Smith's hack.
In regard to: Swearingen, A.

City council meeting March 8.
March 9, 1888
Petition of A.E. Swearingen for amendment of ordinance,
special committee on assessments report; bills allowed;
bills referred; improvements.
In regard to: Deadwood City Council.
In regard to: Star, Solomon.
In regard to: Miller, James K. P.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Passenger lists Smith's hack July 9.
July 9, 1889
Arrivals and departures via Smith's hack.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E. Mrs.

Business-like running of the Fourth.
July 9, 1889
Fourth of July executive committee report of income and expenditures (donations).
In regard to: Holidays.
In regard to: Star, Solomon.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Star and Bullock Hardware Company.

Passenger lists Oct. 29.
Oct. 29, 1889
Arrivals and departures via Northwestern.
In regard to: Swearingen, Mrs.

Swearingen takes it too far.
Dec. 10, 1889
Al Swearingen choked, repeatedly struck and threatened life of wife.
Mrs. Swearingen obtained a warrant, but husband had skipped.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E. Mrs.

Passenger lists Smith's hack.
Dec. 10, 1889
Arrivals and departures via Smith's hack.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Justice court Dec. 18.
Dec. 18, 1889
Case of d.d. settled; upon request of Dela Swearengin
the case against her husband dismissed;
notice issued to all saloons forbidding sales of intoxicating liquors
to John S. Harp.
In regard to: Swearingen, Dela.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Harp, John S.
In regard to: Harp, Kinny S.

Mrs. Swearingen hemorrhaging.
Jan. 31, 1890
Dr. Rogers was summoned late last evening to attend Mrs. A.E. Swearingen,
who was reported rapidly sinking, the result of hemorrhage.
In regard to: Rogers, Morris.
In regard to: Swearingen, Dela.

Deadwood and Al Face
Prohibition Troubles


Raid of extensive proportions.
Sept. 4, 1890
Raid of extensive proportions inaugurated by enforcement league
against dealers in original packages.
In regard to: Prohibition.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

All classes denounce proceedings.
Sept. 5, 1890
Action of enforcement league denounced as little else than an outrage.
In regard to: Prohibition.
In regard to: Aldrich,
In regard to: Kirby,
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Sutherland, J. J.
In regard to: Fassolds and Jeffrey.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Treber, John.
In regard to: Franklin and Baer.

Gambling houses pulled.
Nov. 27, 1890
Monkey and parrot time: The gambling house of Dwyer and Odell again pulled.
They in turn swear out warrants for all other gambling houses; all pulled last night.
In regard to: Dwyer and Odell
In regard to: Gambling.
In regard to: Hall, George H.
In regard to: Welch, Morris.
In regard to: Sutherland, James.
In regard to: Lilly, Dan.
In regard to: Mills, Frank.
In regard to: Walton, Thomas.
In regard to: Lewis, Henry.
In regard to: Lewy, French.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Fish, John.
In regard to: Nelson, John.
In regard to: Smith, Charles.
In regard to: Rankin, Tex.
In regard to: Fassold, Jack.
In regard to: Hewitt, Robert.
In regard to: Ryan, William.
In regard to: Davis, John.
In regard to: DeBellwa, Frank.
In regard to: Steinmetz, John.
In regard to: McGoff, George.

Justice court report December 5.
Dec. 5, 1890
States vs. Chas. H. Heenan alias Chas. H. Cooper charged with robbing John Doe,
state vs. Julius Peterson; six drunks presented;
suits of state against James Sutherland, Jack Fassold, Al Swearingen,
in fact all cases on complaint of Dwyer and O'Dell for gambling
taken on change of venue to Judge Stannus' court at Central,
and there dismissed for want of prosecution.
In regard to: Heenan, Charles H.
In regard to: Cooper, Charles H. also Heenan, Charles H.
In regard to: Doe, John.
In regard to: Peterson, Julius.
In regard to: Sutherland, James.
In regard to: Fassold, Jack.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Dwyer, Charles R.
In regard to: O'Dell, John.
In regard to: Stannus, John.

Not a drop of liquor found.
Dec. 18, 1890
Injunction served upon Al Swearenger and upper and lower floors
of the northerly building adjunct to Gem theatre.
Not a particle of liquor found on the premises.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Rinhart, Ira. C. C.
In regard to: Fish SEE Rinhart, Ira C. C.

Grand Lounging Cafe at the Gem.
March 3, 1891
Thursday evening will witness grand entertainment
on opening of "Grand Lounging Cafe" at the Gem Theater.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Zarena, Millie.
In regard to: Cleary, Ed.
In regard to: Davenport, Nettie.
In regard to: Whitcombe, Frankie.
In regard to: Barron, Lillie.
In regard to: Carroll, Bob.
In regard to: Ellmore, Minnie.
In regard to: Davis, Lillie.

At the Gem.
May 5, 1891
Two new stars at the Gem Theatre,
Miss Vera Wentworth and Miss Mattie Ferguson.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Wentworth, Vere.
In regard to: Ferguson, Mattie.
In regard to: France, George.
In regard to: Heed, Mattie.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Finance committee on the Fourth.
June 9, 1891
Finance committee reports $1,500 in hand for Fourth of July celebration;
contributors listed.
In regard to: Holidays.
In regard to: Star, Solomon.
In regard to: Hop Lee.
In regard to: Sam Sing.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Deadwood Central Railroad.

Swearingen arrested on assault.
June 27, 1891
Al Swearingen arrest on assault and battery charged by L.A. Henderson.
Swearingen charges Marshal Gar and L.A. Henderson.
All will appear before grand jury.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Henderson, L. A.
In regard to: Garr, B. W.

Opening day of fall meeting.
Sept. 26, 1891
An auspicious opening day of fall meeting
good races and pleasant weather.
In regard to: Black Hills Fair.
In regard to: Horses.
In regard to: Babcock, Lyman F.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Knight, Andrew J.
In regard to: Dawson, Andrew R. Z.

Gem opens after refitting.
Dec. 3, 1891
Al Swearingen will open theatre after being closed to undergo entire refitting.
Entire new company direct from the east introduced.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Kearnes, Oscar.
In regard to: Kearnes, Sallie.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Carroll, Bobbie.
In regard to: Woortthorpe, Harry.

City council meeting December 7.
Dec. 8, 1891
Deadwood City Council hears petitions, reports, bills allowed and referred;
petition signed for pardon of John Treber.
In regard to: Deadwood City Council.
In regard to: Star, Solomon.
In regard to: Edmonds, J. F.
In regard to: Barker,
In regard to: Carney, James.
In regard to: Keith, Jacob G.
In regard to: Keller, Frank.
In regard to: Schwing, Joseph D. C.
In regard to: White, T. H.
In regard to: Early, John.
In regard to: Heffron, Mrs.
In regard to: Damon, J. Harry.
In regard to: Moore, W. H.
In regard to: Hathaway, W. H.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: McDonald, Edward.
In regard to: Tuplin, J. H.
In regard to: Rogers, P. L.
In regard to: Baker, John.
In regard to: Maloney, R. M.
In regard to: Electric light company.
In regard to: Needham, Adam.
In regard to: Ford, J. W.
In regard to: Treber, John.

Minstrels high recommended.
Jan. 9, 1892
First class vaudeville entertainment by High Class Specialty Company;
Georgia Minstrels called best troupe to ever play in the Hills.
In regard to: High Class Specialty Company.
In regard to: Swearingen, E. Albert.
In regard to: Swisher, Nellie.
In regard to: Barrett, Emma.
In regard to: Howard, Minnie.
In regard to: Swisher, Ben.
In regard to: Kherns, Sallie.
In regard to: Floyd, Aggie.
In regard to: Holden, Harry.
In regard to: Eddys,
In regard to: Perez,
In regard to: Georgia Minstrels.
In regard to: Dickinson, W. R.
In regard to: Marshall, Harry.
In regard to: Marshall, Romeo.
In regard to: Coolidge, C. B.
In regard to: Lenk, J. C.
In regard to: Searle, J. K.
In regard to: Clark, George J.
In regard to: Campbell, M. C.

Request appearance at opera house.
Jan. 3, 1892
Gentlemen request of Al Swearengen that high class entertainment
currently at the Gem perform at opera house.
In regard to: Swearengen, E. Albert.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Deadwood Opera House.
In regard to: Bloom, S.
In regard to: Allabough, F. F.
In regard to: Keith, J. G.
In regard to: Liebmann, M.
In regard to: Cooper, E. J.
In regard to: Young, H. B.
In regard to: Bonham, W. H.
In regard to: McLaughlin, W. L.
In regard to: Treber, John and Company.
In regard to: Warner, Porter.
In regard to: Garr, Ben.
In regard to: Goldberg, Jacob.
In regard to: Carter, W. H. and Company.
In regard to: Lowerre, A. W.
In regard to: Nelson, O.
In regard to: Damon, J. Harry.
In regard to: Carter, A. K.
In regard to: DeMouth, Whealen and Graves.
In regard to: Butler, George M.
In regard to: Lowe, W. E. and Company.
In regard to: Johnston, W. W.
In regard to: Burghardt, W.
In regard to: Kramer, F. W.
In regard to: Mott, E.
In regard to: Franklin and Paddock.
In regard to: Zoellner Brothers.
In regard to: Humphrey, George W.
In regard to: Zipp, C. E.
In regard to: Werthheimer and Brother.
In regard to: Rosenthal, Sol.
In regard to: Higby, Anson.
In regard to: McPherson, Donald A.
In regard to: Morse, J. L.
In regard to: McDonald, Edward.
In regard to: Peterson, F. R.
In regard to: Stone, Gib and Company.

Trick little short of a crime.
Jan. 10, 1892
Letter from cast of Al Swearingen Specialty company says
show is first class, contrary to petty scribes and brainless
representatives of a little gorilla paper.
In regard to: Swearingen, E. Albert.
In regard to: High Class Specialty Company.
In regard to: Goldsmith, M.
In regard to: Kherns, Oscar.
In regard to: Kherns, Sallie.
In regard to: Swisher, Ben.
In regard to: Perez, Frank.
In regard to: Eddys, Lew.

Swearinga trying to set up Lead gem.
March 3, 1892
A.E. Swearingen is trying very hard to secure a building in Lead
in which to open a Gem. It is reported that he offered $125 per month
for a large building on Bleeker street, now used as a hotel.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.

New scenery at the Gem.
May 10, 1892
Mr. Swearingen, proprietor of the Gem Theatre, is to be congratulated
on handsome new stage and scenery.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Montague, Harry.
In regard to: Duncan, Carrie.
In regard to: Levyne, Letty.
In regard to: Welch, George.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Davens, Madge.
In regard to: Merrick, Jessie.
In regard to: Merrick, Frankie.
In regard to: Carrigan, Bobby.
In regard to: Woods, Fannie.
In regard to: Filburn, Annie.
In regard to: Oro, Carrie.
In regard to: Filburn, Ray.
In regard to: Baker, Ella.

Sheriff dismantles play house.
April 2, 1893
Sheriff Remer dismantled Gem Theatre of fixtures and scenery,
levy on articles to satisfy chattle mortgage held by
W.E. Adams vs. Al Swearingen.
Vaudeville program continues.
In regard to: Remer, William A.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Adams, W. E.

The Lights Begin to Dim
on an Era of Entertainment


Gem Theatre and Star and Bullock Hardware Company

Goes Up In Flames For A Second Time

Gem Theatre has fire
In regard to: Gem Theatre
Jul 11 1877

Of the Gem, helped Gay save his home from fire
In regard to: Williams,
Aug 27 1877

Well to be dug by the fire committee near by
In regard to: Gem Theatre
Jan 11 1878

Losses in the big fire of September 27, $6,000.
In regard to: Gem Theatre
Sep 27 1879

Set of men in this town trying to set it on fire
In regard to: Gem Theatre
Oct 12 1880

Herley carried in flood waters past Gem Theatre
In regard to: Gem Theatre
May 19 1883

Fire extinguished at the Gem.
In regard to: Fire.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Fire department.
April 4, 1888

Gem Theatre fire caught in time.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
Feb. 1, 1891

Fire report 1891.
In regard to: Fire department.
In regard to: Moore, W. H.
In regard to: Star, Solomon.
In regard to: Fire.
In regard to: Vienna Bakery.
In regard to: Chinatown.
In regard to: Elizabethtown.
In regard to: Keystone Hotel.
In regard to: Ayres and Wardman.
In regard to: Hays Saloon.
In regard to: Brews, george A.
In regard to: Fishel, Max.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
Jan. 1, 1892

Fire destroys two blocks.
In regard to: Fire.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Chilson, Mrs.
In regard to: Chilson, Albert.
In regard to: Saunders,
In regard to: Fire department.
In regard to: Graves and Dennis.
In regard to: Nye block.
In regard to: Larenson and Adam Stable.
In regard to: Haskell, Belle.
In regard to: Harding, J. A.
In regard to: Stone, Gib and Company.
In regard to: DeMouth, Whealen and Graves.
In regard to: Ayres and Wardman.
In regard to: Cameron and Kennedy.
In regard to: Smith, Charles H.
In regard to: Star and Bullock Hardware Company.
In regard to: Croughlin and Allen.
In regard to: Keller, Gus.
In regard to: Coleman, Nathan.
In regard to: Fish, James.
In regard to: Cheairs, H. P.
In regard to: Morgan, W. J.
In regard to: Edholm, N. J.
In regard to: Beals, H. H.
In regard to: Franklin and Baer.
In regard to: Fassold, John.
In regard to: McDonald, Edward.
In regard to: Shubert, Jacob.
In regard to: Fink, Joseph.
In regard to: Palmer, L. H.
In regard to: Sutherland and Hutchinson.
In regard to: Parker, L. M.
In regard to: Nwlaon, O.
In regard to: Chase, Isaac H.
In regard to: Castner, M. V.
In regard to: Gray, M. W.
In regard to: Wilson, M. B.
In regard to: Swift, Joseph.
In regard to: Clark, Horace.
In regard to: Plowman, A. J.
In regard to: Selbie, William.
In regard to: King, Joseph.
In regard to: Bauman, Mrs.
In regard to: Robinson, George.
In regard to: Jacobs, D.
In regard to: Hoffman, William.
In regard to: Steiger, George.
In regard to: Cohen, Gus.
In regard to: Electric Light Company.
In regard to: Butler, George.
In regard to: Warriner, A. B.
In regard to: Duffy, John.
In regard to: Baxter, Lee R.
In regard to: Shorty.
In regard to: Sutherland, James.
March 6, 1894

Passing Into History
Manager Swearingen Finds Success
"Mikado" and "Jack The Ripper" at The Gem!


Harry Montague’s latest hit.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Montague, Harry.
In regard to: Levyne, Letty.
In regard to: Duncan, Carrie.
In regard to: Merrick, Frankie.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
April 5, 1892

Mikado at the Gem.
In regard to: Montague, Harry.
In regard to: Levyne, Letty.
In regard to: Duncan, Carrie.
In regard to: Welch, George T.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Filburn, Ray.
In regard to: Filburn, Miss.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Merrick, Frankie.
In regard to: Merrick, Jessie.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
April 19, 1892

New scenery at the Gem.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Montague, Harry.
In regard to: Duncan, Carrie.
In regard to: Levyne, Letty.
In regard to: Welch, George.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Davens, Madge.
In regard to: Merrick, Jessie.
In regard to: Merrick, Frankie.
In regard to: Carrigan, Bobby.
In regard to: Woods, Fannie.
In regard to: Filburn, Annie.
In regard to: Oro, Carrie.
In regard to: Filburn, Ray.
In regard to: Baker, Ella.
May 10, 1892

"Jack the Ripper" at the Gem.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Garrison, William J.
In regard to: Conklin, Ella.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Goodwin, James.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Leonard, Ollie.
In regard to: Hall, Pidgie.
In regard to: Kelly, Minnie.
In regard to: Kasten, Al.
In regard to: Dunn, Myra.
In regard to: Dunn, Kara.
In regard to: Zimmerman, Al.
June 3, 1893

Al Swearigen's Deadwood Bad Lands
Neighborhood of Actors, Actresses, and Musicians


Al Swearingen, Federal Census Family No 142, Lower Main, Deadwood

Name, Spouse, City, County, State, Age, Birthplace, Head Household, Occupation, Gender

Swearigen Family Household, Friend Billy Mack and Immediate Neighbors

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

George H. GARLOCK, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 20, New York, Self, Druggist, Male

Frank C. THULLEN, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 26, Ohio, Other, Black Smith, Male

S. A. SCRIBNER, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 41, Ohio, Other, House Keeper, Female

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W. J. STEPHENS, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 28, Ohio, Self, Clerk Store, Male

Frank E. SCOKES, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 29, Missouri, Other, Miner, Male

John G. MC DONALD, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 29, Scotland , Other, Farmer, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Walter SCOTT, Lillie M. SCOTT, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 24, Missouri, Self, Farmer, Male

Lillie M. SCOTT, Walter SCOTT, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 24, Pennsylvania, Wife, School Teacher, Female

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

James T. ALLOWAY, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT ,29, Iowa, Self, Liquor Dealer, Male

A. F. GOODRICH, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 34, Massachusetts, Other, Clerk in Store, Male

J. MC PECK, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT , 23, Maine, Other, Cook, Male

Richard SPARKS, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 25, Virginia, Other, Porter, Male

Jane DOLAN, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 19, Canada, Other, House Keeper, Female

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

F. MUNN, , Deadwood, , Lawrence, DT, 23, New York, Self, Milliner, Female

Gussie SHANNAN, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 22, Kentucky , Other, House Keeper, Female

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

L. P. STONE, Emma STONE, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 37, New York, Self, Restaurant, Male

Emma STONE, L. P. STONE, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 35, Ohio, Wife, Keeping House, Female

Bessie STONE, L. P. STONE, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 8, Kentucky, Daughter, None , Female

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lulu DAYLEY, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 19, Louisiana, Self, House Keeper, Female

Theodore DAYLEY, Lulu DAYLEY, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 4, Missouri, Son, None, Male

W. H. LEARNED, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 23, Minnesota, Other, Musician, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W. T. MILLER, Anna A. MILLER, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 36, Kentucky, Self, Liquor Dealer, Male

Anna A. MILLER, W. T. MILLER, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 28, Missouri, Wife, Keeping House, Female

Willie C. MILLER, W. T. MILLER, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 9, Wyoming Territory, Son , None, Male

Paul CLIFTON, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 34, New York, Other, Bar Tender, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

E. A. SWEARINGER, Nettie SWEARINGER, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 34, Iowa, Self, Gen Theatre, Male

Nettie SWEARINGER, E. A. SWEARINGER, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 28, Wife, Keeping House, Female

W. S. SWEARINGER, E. A. SWEARINGER, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 32, Iowa, Brother, Bar Tender, Male

J. N. GRIFFITH, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT , 42, IRE, Other, Actor, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

William MACK, Edith MACK, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 22, Scotland, Self, Actor, Male

Edith MACK, William MACK, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 18, New York, Wife, Actress, Female

William H. JACKSON, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 23, Illinois, Other, Actor, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

J. W. KENEGY, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 30, Illinois, Self, Bar Tender, Male

H. L. KENEGY, J. W. KENEGY, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, <1858>, Illinois, Brother, Bar Tender, Male

N. H. HAMMEL, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 21, Illinois, Other, Bar Tender, Male

W. H. DAVENPORT, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 25, New York, Other, Actor, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

J. H. OLLERNSHAW, Fannie A. OLLERNSHAW, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 37, ENG, Self, Musician, Male

Fannie A. OLLERNSHAW, W J. H. OLLERNSHAW, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 26, Maine, Wife, Keeping House, Female

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thomas WEEKS, Kate WEEKS, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 27, North Carolina, Self, Surgeon, Male

Kate WEEKS, Thomas WEEKS, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 24, Missouri, Wife, Keeping House, Female

T. C. BENTLEY, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 30, Ohio, Other, Book Keeper, Male

M. C. MEVILLE, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 46, ENG, Other, Actor, Male

F. H. MUNDY, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 54, AUSTRIA, Other, Sailor, Male

C. A. WILSON, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 28, Michigan, Other, Painter, Male

F. J. CHAPPELL, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 58, New York, Other, Musician, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Johanna KURTZWIEL, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 27, AUSTRIA, Self, Actress, Female

Theodore KURTZWIEL, Johanna KURTZWIEL, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 3, Pennsylvania, Son, none, Male

Florence BURRETT, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 21, Pennsylvania, Other, Actress, Female

Ammie SANTLY, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 23, ENG, Other, Actress, Female

Leona MILLER, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 26, Massachusetts, Other, Actress, Female

Sallie WESNER, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 26, New Jersey, Other, Actress, Female

Amelia GORENFLO, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 24, New Jersey, Other, Actress, Female

Daniel TRIMPY, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 26, Ohio, Other, Butcher, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R. G. DEAVER, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 20, Texas, Self, Teamster, Male

J. H. WOODSIDE, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 42, Ohio, Other, Carpenter, Male

J. A. HOWARD, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 32, New York, Other, Corker

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Maggie BURNS, J. S, Burns, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 24, Ohio, Self, Dress Maker, Female

J. S. BURNS, Maggie BURNS, Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 26, Virginia, Husband, Liquor Dealer, Male

Henry MORGAN, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 34, Illinois, Other, Cook, Male

Charles MILLETT, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 20, Pennsylvania, Other, Farmer, Male

Josie WENTHER, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 17, New York, Other, Actress, Female

C. G. WILSON, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 64, Massachusetts, Other, Painter

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kong GEE, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 30, CHINA, Self, Laundry, Male

Ah WAH, , Deadwood, Lawrence, DT, 35, CHINA, Other, Laundry, Male

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Passerby and Talk on The Streets, A Look Into Al's World
The Daily Trek To and From The Gem


Garlick Bros. and Dr. Bedell have drug store
In regard to: Garlick Brothers
Jun 08 1876

Garlick, H. and Bro., Druggists, 1st in the Hills
In regard to: Garlick, Henry
Jun 17 1876

Miller, W.T. and William Nuttal dissolve partnership
In regard to: Miller, W.T.
Nov 25 1876

Clifton, Charles to perform at Temple of Music
In regard to: Clifton, Charles
Dec 02 1876

Thullen, Frank volunteers at Bella Union
In regard to: Thullen, Frank
Dec 16 1876

Griffith, James volunteers at Bella Union
In regard to: Griffith, James
Dec 16 1876

Griffith, J.N. (Jimmy) actor Langrishe theatre
In regard to: Griffith, J.N.
Jan 06 1877

Griffith, J. to volunteer at Theatre
In regard to: Griffith, J.
Feb 24 1877

Miller, John Edwin youngest son of W.T. and Anna die
In regard to: Miller, John Edwin
Apr 07 1877

Thullen, Frank Gem Theatre
In regard to: Thullen, Frank
Apr 14 1877

Griffith, J. in Night Owl Club
In regard to: Griffith, J.
In regard to: Bentley, T.C.
May 26 1877

Griffith, J.N. in Deadwood
In regard to: Griffith, J.N.
Jun 04 1877

To act as temporary hose company until one formed
In regard to: Thullen,
Jul 16 1877

Miller, W.T. of Gayville in Deadwood
In regard to: Miller, W.T.
Aug 09 1877

Griffith, Jimmy shoes taken by Prairie Ned
In regard to: Griffith, Jimmy
Oct 03 1877

Stone, L.P. of Spring Creek mining
In regard to: Stone, L.P.
Oct 05 1877

Firemen??s meeting
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
Jan 05 1878

At the Recorder??s Office
In regard to: Thullen, F.C.
Jan 11 1878

Member of the company playing at Langrishe
In regard to: Griffith, James
Jan 11 1878

Had a finger dislocated in scene of the French Spy
In regard to: Griffith, James
Jan 21 1878

Benefit on Wednesday at Langrishe Theatre
In regard to: Griffith, James
Jan 28 1878

House on Lee St, named the Bon Ton saloon, open
In regard to: Kenegy,
Feb 05 1878

Prof. Ollerenshaw as a violinist is unexcelled
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe H
Feb 16 1878

Received head injury from shovel clearing roof
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
Mar 09 1878

Piano to be raffled off at Bella Union Theatre
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe H
Apr 01 1878

Lining up acts for the Bella Union from Cheyenne
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe H
Apr 29 1878

Mr Ollerenshaw in east acquiring acts for Bella Un
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe H
May 01 1878

The bugler at the Gem theatre near death
In regard to: Chappell, Frank
May 07 1878

Manager of Bella Union to reopen next Saturday
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe H
May 08 1878

Business manager of Bella Union, mother dies
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
May 10 1878

New Owner of the Bella Union
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe H
May 11 1878

Funeral for Leonora Boughton to be at his home
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
May 23 1878

Announces Kittie Sanford and Madam Cerito coming
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
May 24 1878

Manager and lessee of the Bella Union
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, J.
Jun 01 1878

Will accompany Mrs Boughton with remains of child
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Mrs
Jun 25 1878

Ollerenshaw of Bella Union went to Chicago
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Jul 12 1878

In Cheyenne, has started for Deadwood with Cerito
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Jul 17 1878

Marriage,
In regard to: Thullen, Frank
Jul 18 1878

Ollerenshaw has secured the services of Cerito
In regard to: Bella Union
Jul 18 1878

Engaged Cerito at a very high salary
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Jul 23 1878

Strictly a first class variety theatre, ad
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, J.
Aug 01 1878

Game tomorrow between our professionals and picked 9
In regard to: Bentley, T.
Aug 09 1878

Efforts are being made to organize a brass band
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Sep 11 1878

Deadwood Brass and String Band, benefit social
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe H
Sep 12 1878

Benefit for instruments fell short
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Sep 16 1878

Motion to set aside default, permitted to answer
In regard to: Ollerenshaw,Fannie
Nov 02 1878

Impaneled as juror in George Bell case
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
Nov 13 1878

The immortal twelve who freed Bell
In regard to: Bentley, Tom
Nov 19 1878

The initial performance at the Metropolitan Theatre
In regard to: Griffith, Jimmy
Jan 13 1879

Earned fresh laurels for role in "Lucretia Borgia"
In regard to: Griffith, Jimmy
Jan 27 1879

Oldest and one of the best actors in the Hills
In regard to: Griffith, Jimmy
Mar 04 1879

Don??t forget the little pioneer??s benefit tomorrow
In regard to: Griffith, Jimmy
Mar 06 1879

Benefit tonight for the pioneer actor of Black Hills
In regard to: Griffith, J.N.
Mar 07 1879

Another walking match in the wind for May 1
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
Apr 10 1879

Witnessed the agreement signed between wrestlers
In regard to: Bentley, T.C.
Apr 14 1879

Four entries for sixty hour pedestrian contest
In regard to: Bentley,
Apr 28 1879

Will appear in new roles at the Langrishe Theatre
In regard to: Griffith, Jimmy
May 10 1879

Acted as second judge, umpire, and bottle holder
In regard to: Bentley, Tom
Jun 01 1879

Unfortunate fall while painting drop curtain, Gem
In regard to: Wilson, Calvin
Jun 15 1879

Artist at Gem to paint Kitty Le Roy on stage side
In regard to: Wilson, Calvin
Jun 27 1879

Gained a suit in district court against Nuttall
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Mrs
In regard to: Nuttall, Billy
Jun 27 1879

Has leased the St Charles saloon on upper Sherman
In regard to: Bentley, Tom
Jul 04 1879

Portrait painter out on crutches after fracture
In regard to: Wilson, Calvin
Jul 09 1879

Among the new performers at the Gem Theatre
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jul 12 1879

Petite song and dance lady a perfect gem in her line
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jul 15 1879

In song and dance, "Where Golden Lilies Cluster"
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jul 16 1879

Singing is superior to that of any artist
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jul 22 1879

Performance cannot be surpassed in any large city
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jul 29 1879

Unique songs and dances were highly entertaining
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jul 30 1879

Orchestra at the Gem Theatre is under his direction
In regard to: Learned, W.H.
Jul 30 1879

Was as pleasing as ever in performance
In regard to: Valentine, Miss Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Aug 01 1879

Musical director at Gem has lock of Wild Bills hair
In regard to: Learned, William
Aug 05 1879

Kept the audience in convulsions at every scene
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Aug 05 1879

Was the entree at the Gem Theatre last night
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Aug 09 1879

Little Edith carrying away hearts of young bloods
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Aug 09 1879

His Irish and Dutch acts are funny in the extreme
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Aug 12 1879

Has become a great favorite at the Gem Theatre
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Aug 12 1879

In Ethiopian dances and songs, takes on many shapes
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Aug 24 1879

Puts on his new act of the Tramps
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Aug 27 1879

Entertainment commenced with a parlor concert
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Aug 28 1879

In great plantation act, Jubilee Days, made a hit
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Aug 31 1879

Few artists in the Irish line that can equal Billy
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Sep 02 1879

Stage is covered with silver coin after performance
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Sep 02 1879

In Motto and Irish songs at the Gem Theatre
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Sep 04 1879

In pretty sketch, "Down by the Old Mill Stream"
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Sep 04 1879

Brings down the house with Casey, the Piper
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Sep 06 1879

A fracas in Chinatown
In regard to: Ah Wah
Sep 11 1879

Clerk at Welch House caused upset at Chinatown
In regard to: Whitenbauh,
Sep 11 1879

Went down to Chinatown to get Whitenbauh??s workers
In regard to: Beaman, Hank
Sep 11 1879

Showed up in court but Whitenbach failed to come
In regard to: Ah Wah
Sep 12 1879

Represented Ah Wah in Justice Clark??s court
In regard to: Smalley,
Sep 12 1879

Did not show up to prosecute Ah Wah after charging
In regard to: Whitenbach,
Sep 12 1879

Is very funny as Our German Cousin
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Sep 11 1879

Wanted to testify, not present, attachment issued
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Sep 17 1879

Held under bond of $200 for failure to appear
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Sep 18 1879

Greatest feature will be his Irish eccentricities
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Sep 20 1879

Accused Wertman of stealing $8 from her
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Sep 20 1879

Will appear in new and sparkling specialties
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Sep 23 1879

Wertman received 30 days in jail for petit larceny
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Oct 11 1879

Young men wanted for roles in H.M.S. Pinafore
In regard to: Mack, William
Nov 29 1879

Vincent Combination Troupe arrived on Thanksgiving
In regard to: Mack, Billy
In regard to: Davenport, W.H.
Nov 29 1879

The South Deadwood Hose Company No 1
In regard to: Thullen, Frank
Dec 05 1879

Stepped on nail, penetrated foot and cut an artery
In regard to: Stone, L.P.
Dec 13 1879

Played Capt Corcoran in H.M.S. Pinafore
In regard to: Mack, William
Dec 17 1879

Will discourse the sweetest music on Christmas Day
In regard to: Ollerenshaw,
Dec 24 1879

Caused roars of laughter as the colored servant
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Dec 25 1879

Played principal part in "Black Eyed Susan"
In regard to: Mack, William
Dec 27 1879

Proprietor of the Deadwood Opera House, ad
In regard to: Stone, L.P.
Jan 01 1880

Peoples favorite in his Hibernian eccentricities
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Jan 01 1880

Chimney Corner put on by most popular of companies
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Jan 09 1880

Have leased the Opera House
In regard to: Vincent and Mack
Jan 13 1880

In his Ethiopian songs and sketches was simply immense
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Jan 10 1880

To give concert for upper gulch relief fund
In regard to: Vincent and Mack
Jan 13 1880

Has sold the Opera House to Vincent and Mack
In regard to: Stone,
Jan 14 1880

Vincent and Mack renting upstairs of saloon
In regard to: Cooley and Doherty
Jan 15 1880

Vincent and Mack offer benefit for relief of sick
In regard to: Wilson, Charles
In regard to: Wheeler, F.A.
In regard to: Waters,
In regard to: Vincent, Georgie
In regard to: Vincent, Charles
In regard to: Davenport, Wm. H.
In regard to: Davidson, Lew P.
In regard to: Drennan, James F.
In regard to: Leonard, William
In regard to: Algeo, James
In regard to: Ricker, Joe
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
In regard to: Perkins, Frank
In regard to: Moore, George
In regard to: Montcrief, Edward
In regard to: Martin, James L.
In regard to: Mack, Billy
In regard to: Anchor City
In regard to: Central City
In regard to: Golden Gate
Jan 16 1880

Most vulgar-free performance ever seen in Deadwood
In regard to: Vincent and Mack
Jan 18 1880

Sacred concert was perfect success in every way
In regard to: Vincent and Mack
Jan 20 1880

Tom Bently is down with the epizootic
In regard to: Bentley, Tom
Jan 20 1880

In their unparalleled clog dancing at the Gem
In regard to: Jackson and Keefe
Jan 21 1880

Took fiddles, pianos and musical instruments to Sturgis
In regard to: Bentley, Tom
Sep 21 1880

Clog dancing challenge issued by Foley and Waters
In regard to: Vincent and Mack
Jan 22 1880

Vincent Opera House to give complimentary benefit
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jan 22 1880

Deadwoods favorite comedian, 1st time this season
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Feb 01 1880

Favorite serio-comedic vocalist, song and dance lady
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Feb 01 1880

Comedy quartette in selection of Ethiopian acts
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Feb 05 1880

Is a host of himself in the funny line
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Feb 10 1880

Continues to be a favorite with the public
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Feb 10 1880

Represents the Dutch and Irish department at Gem
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Feb 14 1880

Represents the Ethiopian department at Gem Theatre
In regard to: Jackson and Keefe
Feb 14 1880

Acquitted herself creditable, grand entertainment
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as Subject Mack, Edith
In regard to: Vernon, Trixy
In regard to: Wells, Kitty
In regard to: Peasley, Lizzie
In regard to: Morrell, Georgie
In regard to: Howe, Ella
In regard to: Blanche, Mlle.
Feb 17 1880

To give entertainment for aid to Rev Lessel
In regard to: Griffith, J.N.
Feb 18 1880

Hottentots are a tremendous success
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Feb 18 1880

Performers at the Gem take up donations for Sexton
In regard to: Mack, Billy
In regard to: Jackson, W.H.
In regard to: Kenegy, J.W.
In regard to: Davenport, Wm. H.
In regard to: Bentley, Tom C.
In regard to: Wilson, C.A.
Feb 24 1880

Did not authorize my name being on Montcrief bill
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
In regard to: Davenport, Wm. H.
Feb 26 1880

Kindly volunteered his services for Rogers benefit
In regard to: Griffith, James
Mar 02 1880

"Moonshiners" was a masterpiece of comedy
In regard to: Davenport, Wm. H.
Mar 16 1880

In Deadwood
In regard to: Gorenflo, Amelia
Apr 20 1880

Billy Mack and Edith Valentine to have benefit
In regard to: Valentine, Edith
In regard to: Mack, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Billy
In regard to: Gem Theatre
Jun 16 1880

Lady artist at the Gem, daughter severely burned
In regard to: Gorenflo, Amelia
Jun 19 1880

5 year old burned severely when clothes caught fire
In regard to: Gorenflo, Addie
In regard to: Gorenflo, Amelia of The Gem
Jun 19 1880

Leaves Deadwood
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Jun 22 1880

In varied olio performance presented for 1st time
In regard to: Kurtzweil,
In regard to: Jackson,
In regard to: Wesner,
In regard to: Willis,
Jun 24 1880

Dr treating Addie Gorenflo for burns
In regard to: Wilms,
Jun 25 1880

Getting along splendidly after being severely burn
In regard to: Gorenflo, Addie
In regard to: Gorenflo, Amelia of The Gem
Jun 25 1880

Tired out faber pusher??s experience in the country
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Jun 30 1880

To lead Deadwood Band at opening of Deadwood Driving Park
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Jul 09 1880

Valentine involved in horseback riding accident
In regard to: Valentine, Edith
In regard to: Mack, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Billy
Jul 10 1880

Band played through nearby towns, advertising races
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Jul 11 1880

With wife, Edith Valentine, working at Miles City
In regard to: Mack, Billy
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
Jul 28 1880

McPeck and Thompson renting home from Stewart
In regard to: Stewart,
Aug 08 1880

Thompson took their money and forgot to come back
In regard to: McPeck,
Aug 08 1880

For $22 will give open-air concert every Sunday
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Aug 20 1880

Open air concerts are becoming order of the day
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Sep 01 1880

Band played at start of walking contest
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Sep 04 1880

Ollerenshaws and Gandolfos bands engaged for concert
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Sep 17 1880

Band to perform at anniversary of great fire
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Sep 26 1880

Orchestra opened evening with "The Golden Crown"
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Sep 28 1880

Those seeing phonograph recommend others view it
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Oct 13 1880

Phonograph repeated his coronet with great clarity
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Oct 14 1880

Of S. Deadwood, under able instruction of Ollerenshaw
In regard to: Dakota Band
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Nov 02 1880

Splendid band played for the republican rally
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Nov 02 1880

Leader of the South Deadwood silver cornet band
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Nov 11 1880

Only support for Mrs Graham at benefit
In regard to: Griffith, James
Dec 08 1880

Will take over the Shamrock saloon
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
Jan 08 1881

Now running the old Conway and Coyle saloon
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
Jan 20 1881

Prof. thanked by S. Dwd Hose co for free parade
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe E
Feb 03 1881

To perform in "The Danites" at Sawtelle??s Theater
In regard to: Griffith, J.N.
Feb 13 1881

To perform "Unlce Reuben" at Wertheimer??s Theater
In regard to: Stone, Emma
In regard to: Stone, Bessie
Feb 18 1881

Pleads not guilty to selling liquor without license
In regard to: Bentley, Thomas
Mar 30 1881

Dr. is also a piano tuner
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
Apr 26 1881

Is widening the walk in front of his Main St place
In regard to: Stone, L.P.
May 17 1881

Death, at hospital, painful illness of consumption
In regard to: Kenegy, Minnie
May 12 1881

Supplied wife medical attendance during illness
In regard to: Kenegy, H.L.
May 13 1881

Leaves Deadwood via Pierre coach with 2 children
In regard to: Garlick, Mrs.
Jun 22 1881

Floor manager, July 4 grand ball
In regard to: Thullen, Frank C.
Jun 24 1881

Capt. of S. Deadwood Hose team, July 4 tournament
In regard to: Thullen, Frank C.
Jul 01 1881

Leave orders at Grave and Barney??s, ad
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
Jul 01 1881

Officer accuses Mrs. Holliday of stealing wood
In regard to: Halliday, Nora.
In regard to: Thullen, Frank C.
Jul 09 1881

In charge of orchestra for St. Johns festival
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
Jul 09 1881

Night watchman discovers break in at Rosebrough??s
In regard to: Thullen, Frank C.
Aug 01 1881

Salary paid by city fathers
In regard to: Thullen, Frank C.
Aug 02 1881

Hotel man means business, put ad in "Times"
In regard to: Stone, L.P.
Aug 02 1881

Went along with Coyle and Butterfield on hunting trip
In regard to: Chappell, Frank
Aug 22 1881

Band played beautiful music in memory of president
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe E
Sep 21 1881

Writes letter from Teller, Colorado
In regard to: Griffith, Jimmy
Sep 26 1881

Selling residence on Williams St.
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe E
Oct 01 1881

Deadwood band gave balcony concert
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe E
Oct 17 1881

Is suing Driving Park Assoc for pay
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe E
Oct 21 1881

Now manages theater in Fargo
In regard to: Davenport, W.H.
Dec 27 1881

Catches "Old Shoemaker" accepting pawned goods
In regard to: Thullen, Frank, Night watchman
Dec 31 1881

Repairs pianos, ad
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
Jan 03 1882

Practical musician and competent teacher of same
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
Jan 19 1882

Dr Weeks is a graduate veterinary surgeon
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
Feb 23 1882

Piano lessons at my own or pupils residence, ad
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
Mar 01 1882

Leaves Deadwood
In regard to: Jackson, W.H.
Mar 20 1882

Leader of an orchestra at Miles City
In regard to: Learned, Billy
In regard to: Learned, William, also as
In regard to: Learned, W. H., also as
May 24 1882

Every musician in town to appear under leadership
In regard to: Ollerenshaw,
Jun 16 1882

Selling house on Williams St., leaving hills
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Jun 18 1882

Marriage, to Pearl Jeannette, variety actress
In regard to: Learned, Billy
In regard to: Learned, William, also as
In regard to: Learned, W. H., also as
Aug 06 1882

Chappell received letter from Glendive, Montana
In regard to: Weeks, Doc
Aug 06 1882

Received letter from Doc Weeks, will return in Oct
In regard to: Chappell, Frank
Aug 06 1882

German citizens giving a picnic at Nelson Park
In regard to: Thullen, F.
Sep 13 1882

Took pity on Times reporter and shared her lunch
In regard to: Thullen, Mrs
Sep 19 1882

Weekly rhetorical at public school on Fridays
In regard to: Stone, Bessie
Dec 08 1882

Fall term of school closes with rhetorical exercise
In regard to: Stone, Bessie
Dec 22 1882

Officer arrested men for stealing 1/4 of beef
In regard to: Thullen,
Jan 21 1883

Removing to Minnesella, building blacksmith shop
In regard to: Thullen, F.C.
Jan 27 1883

Performed last official act early Monday evening
In regard to: Thullen,
Feb 20 1883

Located blacksmith shop at Minnesella, pleased
In regard to: Thullen, Frank
Apr 10 1883

Reported in the Leader as being at Cheyenne
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Joe
Jul 17 1883

Minnesella blacksmith, ex-fireman and good boy, in general
In regard to: Thullen, Frank
Jun 28 1883

Pianos and organs tuned and repaired by T.W. Weeks. Address, care of L.R. Graves, main street, Deadwood, D.T.
In regard to: Weeks, T.W.
In regard to: Graves, L.R.
November 1, 1883

Billy Mack, the funny comedian, is at Pierre, and the papers are going wild ever over the eccentricities of his Irish commecalitis.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
November 16, 1883

Park Theatre, formerly known as Stone??s Opera House, is run by Mr. Burns with Mr. Butler as stage manager and Professor Upwald as musical director.
In regard to: Stone??s Opera House.
In regard to: Burns, John.
In regard to: Butler, Harry.
In regard to: Upwald.
In regard to: Park Theatre.
January 19, 1884

L.P. Stone is organizing a party of fifty men for the Coeur d??Alene mines. Stone is a good man to go with.
In regard to: Stone, L.P.
March 2, 1884

Bound for Coeur d??Alene. J.S. Burns will soon start for the above named country, and will give a farewell benefit, grand masquerade ball for the "girls and the gang" on Saturday evening, March 9th. Don??t fail to give him a good send off.
In regard to: Burns, J.S.
March 5, 1884

J.S. Burns will give a grand masquerade ball at the Park theater. A nice present will be given to the most graceful gentleman and lady waltzers present. The girls and the gang are all invited to be present.
In regard to: Burns, J.S.
In regard to: Park Theater.
April 19, 1884

G.A.R. Fourth of July ball.
In regard to: Bentley, T. C.
July 1, 1884

Just opened, fine restaurant.
In regard to: Stone, L. P.
In regard to: Grand Central Restaurant.
In regard to: Grand Central Hotel.
Sept 13, 1885

Patrons live off the fat of the land.
In regard to: Grand Central Restaurant.
In regard to: Stone, L. P.
Sept. 1, 1886

"Rustler" is term exemplified.
In regard to: Stone, L. P.
In regard to: Grand Central Hotel.
Oct. 1, 1886

Colonel and daughter return.
In regard to: Stone, L. P.
In regard to: Stone, Bessie.
Dec. 7, 1886

Ladies arrive from end of track.
In regard to: Enright, Mary.
In regard to: Vetus, Mollie.
In regard to: Utter, Mollie.
In regard to: Bigelow, Lillie.
In regard to: Biglin, Lillie.
In regard to: Stean, Emma.
In regard to: Stone, Emma.
March 17, 1887

District court report Jan. 13.
In regard to: DeLap, George.
In regard to: Jensen, Chris L.
In regard to: Ollerenshaw, Fannie.
In regard to: Nuttall, William.
In regard to: Bard, Russell R.
In regard to: Shingle, George W.
Jan. 13, 1888

Former Gem belle commits suicide.
In regard to: Valentine, Edith also as
In regard to: Mack, Edith
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
Dec. 26, 1890

At the Gem tonight.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Bruns.
In regard to: Nina.
In regard to: Holden, Harry.
In regard to: Floyd, Aggie.
In regard to: Wade, Hattie.
In regard to: Davene, Madge.
In regard to: Wards.
Feb. 4, 1892

Harry Montague??s latest hit.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Montague, Harry.
In regard to: Levyne, Letty.
In regard to: Duncan, Carrie.
In regard to: Merrick, Frankie.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
April 5, 1892

Mikado at the Gem.
In regard to: Montague, Harry.
In regard to: Levyne, Letty.
In regard to: Duncan, Carrie.
In regard to: Welch, George T.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Filburn, Ray.
In regard to: Filburn, Miss.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Merrick, Frankie.
In regard to: Merrick, Jessie.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
April 19, 1892

New scenery at the Gem.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Montague, Harry.
In regard to: Duncan, Carrie.
In regard to: Levyne, Letty.
In regard to: Welch, George.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Crotty, Joe.
In regard to: Davens, Madge.
In regard to: Merrick, Jessie.
In regard to: Merrick, Frankie.
In regard to: Carrigan, Bobby.
In regard to: Woods, Fannie.
In regard to: Filburn, Annie.
In regard to: Oro, Carrie.
In regard to: Filburn, Ray.
In regard to: Baker, Ella.
May 10, 1892

Scottish Rite festivities draw to close.
In regard to: Masonic Lodge.
In regard to: Jackson, W. H.
In regard to: Howard, J. A.
April 15, 1893

"Jack the Ripper" at the Gem.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Garrison, William J.
In regard to: Conklin, Ella.
In regard to: Goldsmith, Mose.
In regard to: Goodwin, James.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
In regard to: Leonard, Ollie.
In regard to: Hall, Pidgie.
In regard to: Kelly, Minnie.
In regard to: Kasten, Al.
In regard to: Dunn, Myra.
In regard to: Dunn, Kara.
In regard to: Zimmerman, Al.
June 3, 1893

The Gem re-opening.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Mack, Billie.
Dec. 17, 1893

Opening performance highly successful.
In regard to: Gem Theatre.
In regard to: Mack, Billy.
Dec. 19, 1893

Swearingen Census and Genealogy Data

1880 United States Federal Census
Deadwood, Lawrence Co, Dakota Territory

Self E.A. Swearinger
Born 1846, Iowa, age 34, occupation General Theatre

Wife Nettie Swearinger
Born 1852, Missouri, age 28, occupation Keeping House

Brother W. S. Swearinger
Born 1848, Iowa, age 32, occupation Bar Tender

Photo Al Swearingen, behind bar of Gem Saloon, third from right
© Black Hills Mining Museum and South Dakota State Historical Society

Emprasario Al Swearingen

Photo, not to be outdone by Emprasario Jack Langrishe,
Al Swearingen puts his own spin to New York play "Pink Dominoes" with a Gem masquerade ball,
Lyrics by H. T. Dyrisg and sung by Tony Pastor, Publised New York: Frederick Blume, 1877.
Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, © Library of Congress, Sheet Music Cover,

Photo "Pink Dominoes"
Lyrics by H. T. Dyrisg and sung by Tony Pastor, Publised New York: Frederick Blume, 1877.
Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, © Library of Congress, Cute Lyrics
Gem masquerade ball, "Pink Dominoes" big hit
In regard to: Gem Theatre
Dec 14 1877

The Swearingen Twins Ellis Albert Swearingen and Lemuel A Swearingen
Born July 8, 1845, Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, IA


The Swearingen family lived in Oskaloosa, Iowa for many years from the very early 1840s through the late 1870s.

Representations of orpahn Al Swearengen coming from a less than reputable lineage is far from the truth when it comes to the real Ellis Albert Swearingen. While Al lived in Deadwood, his brother Winfield resided and worked with him at the Gem for a time, and as well, his father Daniel lived in Yankton, DT for many years up until his death in 1886.

"Swearingen, Lemuel A., meat market, Oskaloosa; born in this county, one and one-half miles west of Oskaloosa, July 8, 1845, and was brought up here, and has lived in this county 33 years, except two years he spent in California; his parents were among the earliest settlers in the county, and are now living here; for the past five years he has been engaged in his present business; he married Miss Lizzie Holt, from Pennsylvania, May 10, 1873; they have two children, Cora and Fred." courtesy Iowa Biographies Project, History of Mahaska County, Iowa
Des Moines: Union Historical Company, 1878.

Father Daniel J. Swearingen
Born Aug 18 1817, Lewis Co., KY
Died Jan 29 1886, Yankton, D.T.
Body returned and buried Old White Cemetery, Lincoln TWP, Mahaska County, Iowa

Mother Keziah Montgomery
Born 1817, OH, married Jan 28 1836, McLean Co., IL
Died Jul 16, 1879, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA
Buried Old White Cemetery, Lincoln TWP, Mahaska County, Iowa

Death Of A Mother, New Stepmother, Death Of A Father

1880 US Census

Daniel J. Swearingen age 64, Yankton, D.T., butcher and farmer

Arineta Morisson, age 45, wife

Frank Morrisson, age 18, step-son, butcher

Swearingen relative ill.
Jan. 31, 1886
The Yankton evening Telegram announces the very serious illness of Mr. Swearingen,
a resident of that locality, and a relative of E.A. Swearingen of this city.
In regard to: Swearingen, E. A.

Yankton Telegram reports the death of D.J. Swearingen.
Feb. 5, 1886
In regard to: Swearingen, D. J.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Children of Keziah and Daniel J. Swearingen

John H. Swearingen, Mahaska, IA, 1835, Iowa, Male

Mary Elizabeth Swearingen, Mahaska, IA, 1842, Iowa, Female

William W. Swearingen, Mahaska, IA, 1843 - 1860, Iowa, Male

Lemuel A. Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA, 1845, Iowa, Male, Butcher

Ellis A. Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA, 1845, Iowa, Male, General Theatre

Winfield S. Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA, 1846, Iowa, Male, Butcher, Bar Tender

Sarah J. Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA, 1849, Iowa, Female

Theo L. Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA, about 1851, Iowa, Male, Apprentice Painter, Muscian, Liquor and Cigar Retail

Franklin P. Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA, 1853, Iowa, Male

Eldora D. Swearingen, Oskaloosa, Mahaska, IA, 1854, Iowa, Female

Grandparents

Abraham Swearingen, Born: 1798, Monogalia, Fayette, PA, USA
Died 1887, Wapella, De Witt, IL, USA

Elizabeth Low, Born 1802 Adams, unknown county, OH, USA
Died 1843, Dewitt, unknown county, IL, USA

Great Grandparents

Living Swearingen, Born: unknown date, Fayette, PA, USA
Died 1839, Vermilion, IL, USA

Lydia N Peters, Born: 1776, Westmorland, PA, USA
Died 1850, unknown city, IL, USA

The Swearingen linage follows: Abraham, Daniel, John, John, Van, Thomas, to Gerret.

Swearingen Pedigree

Abraham Swearingen of Wapella, Illinois "Mr. S. represents 100 grandchildren (of which Al was one), 150 great grand-children, and 2 great-great grand-children, being 252 descendants in all" courtesy of USGenWeb Project.

As of the 1870 Federal Census, Ellis Alfred Swearingen has left the family home in Iowa to parts unknown. Winfield has married wife Frances and fathered one son Jesse in 1869. Winfield's family continues to grow with the birth of son Harry in 1873 and daughter Mable in 1875. Mary Elizabeth has married Abraham Dillon and bore three daughters and two sons. The Swearingen family remains in Oskaloosa, Iowa for the next ten years.

With the 1880 Federal Census, Ellis' mother Keziah has passed July 1879. Ellis' twin brother, Lemuel A. has married Lizzie and fathered two daughters and one son. The Swearingen family begins to leave Iowa, as we find Ellis and Winfield living in Deadwood, Dakota. Wife Nettie and brother Winfield are indicated as the only family members in the Deadwood census household. Ellis' father Daniel has remarried and moved to Yankton, Dakota. Sarah has married A. D. Smith and moved to Ottumwa, Iowa, bearing one daughter. Ellis' niece Alice, daughter of older brother John W., moves in with sister Sarah. Sister Eldora is no longer mentioned. Theo L. will move to Leadville, CO in 1882 and open a liquor store.

By the mid 1890s, Alice has married Frank Harper and moved to Denver, CO. Mary Elizabeth and Abraham have settled in Rose Hill, IA. Theo L. remains in Leadville, Colorado where he is a musician and liquor retailer. Winfield has taken a second wife and moved to Carbon Co. WY. and later to Emma, CO.

Ellis' twin brother, Lemuel A. remained in Oskaloosa, where he became a butcher. He was still living in the area in the late 1890s.

With the 1930 Federal Census, Winfield has moved to Willows, CA, and is listed as age 73.

Though we know much about the Swearingen family, Ellis' final days and resting place have yet to be determined. A lucky passer-by may be surprised to discover Al's 1904 Denver, Colorado obituary and the unmarked grave within the family plot at Old White Cemetery, Lincoln TWP, Mahaska County, Iowa.

D.J. Swearingen b: Aug 18, 1817 died Jan 29, 1886

Franklin P. Swearingen died Jul 31, 1854 age 10 months

Keziah Swearingen b: 1817 died Jul 16, 1879

Wm W Swearingen b:1844 dield Jan 29, 1860

Al Has Trouble With Wives
and Employees


Notice, has left husband's bed and board
Feb 18 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Notice, not responsible for wife's debts
Feb 18 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Takes her departure for Omaha this morning
Apr 17 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E. Mrs.

Assaulted Lena Bruce so violently he was fined $10
Nov 21 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Assaulted by Swearingen at Gem for disobeying rule
Nov 21 1880
In regard to: Bruce, Lena

Summons
Sep 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Summons
Sep 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Ellis

Summons
Oct 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Ellis

Summons
Oct 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Summons
Nov 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Nettie

Summons
Nov 01 1882
In regard to: Swearingen, Ellis

Swearingen and Turgeon married.
July 10, 1889
Swearingen-Turgeon at St. Ambrose's presbytery, on the evening of July 3d, 1889, Father Walsh officiating, Ellis Alfred Swearingen to Odelia Turgeon, both of Deadwood.
In regard to: Swearingen, Ellis A.
In regard to: Turgeon, Odelia.

Al Swearingen takes it too far.
Dec. 10, 1889
Al Swearingen choked, repeatedly struck and threatened life of wife. Mrs. Swearingen obtained a warrant, but husband had skipped.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E. Mrs.

Justice court Dec. 18.
Dec. 18, 1889
Case of d.d. settled; upon request of Dela Swearengin the case against her husband dismissed; notice issued to all saloons forbidding sales of intoxicating liquors to John S. Harp.
In regard to: Swearingen, Dela.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.

Mrs. Swearingen hemorrhaging.
Jan. 31, 1890
Dr. Rogers was summoned late last evening to attend Mrs. A.E. Swearingen, who was reported rapidly sinking, the result of hemorrhage.
In regard to: Swearingen, Dela.

Swearingen to divorce wife.
July 27, 1890
A.E. Swearingen began action for divorce against Odelia Swearingen, on the grounds of adultery.
In regard to: Swearingen, Albert E.
In regard to: Swearingen, Odelia.

Brother Winfield Swearingen Glass Ball Shooting Exhibitionist

In Deadwood
Apr 02 1878
In regard to: Swearingen, W.

Is a Bogardus with a shot-gun, broke 30 glass ball
Aug 12 1879
In regard to: Swearengen, Wynn

Hit 43 out of 50 glass balls to win the match
Feb 03 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Wm.

Entry in the shooting match on July 4th
Jul 04 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Winn

Accepted challenge of Stanus to shoot 100 glass balls
Jul 23 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, W.

Glass ball shoot at Central City for $100.
Jul 27 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Winn.

Glass ball tournament came off at South Bend
Jul 28 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Win

Most ardent admirer of glass ball shooting
Aug 01 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Winn
In regard to: Stannus, John

Big shooting match set for next Saturday
Aug 12 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Winn

Shooting match between Stannus and Swearingen
Aug 15 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Win

Glass ball shooting match for a $100 purse
Nov 18 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Winn

Won glass ball shooting match by one ball
Dec 11 1880
In regard to: Swearengen, Wynn.

Arrivals from Pierre and Sidney.
May 16, 1884
In regard to: Kline, O.H.
In regard to: Hastings, Lillie.
In regard to: Foster, Mary.
In regard to: Swearinger, W.
In regard to: Runyon, P.
In regard to: Barth, A.
In regard to: Bloodwell, L.H.
In regard to: Stagelines.

Glass ball match at Spearfish.
Oct. 12, 1884
Glass ball shooting at Spearfish with Ponca and Derrickson tying for first prize.
In regard to: Lefley, H. L.
In regard to: Baker, Van B.
In regard to: Ponca, Ed.
In regard to: Swearingen, Winn.
In regard to: Derrickson, J. R.
In regard to: Benedict, E. B.
In regard to: Derrickson, D. H.
In regard to: Flaherty, Al.
In regard to: Russell, John.
In regard to: Golden, O.
In regard to: Young, H. B.
In regard to: Marsey, W. E.
In regard to: Overman, Frank.

Shooting match between Swearingen and Adams at Sturgis
Nov 27 1880
In regard to: Swearingen, Win

Butterfield challenges Van Baker.
July 4, 1884
Elijah Butterfield issues shooting challenge from Win. Swearengen to Prof. Van Baker, one hundred glass balls each.
In regard to: Van Baker, Prof.
In regard to: Swearengen, Win.
In regard to: Butterfield, Elijah H.
In regard to: Wood, Gus M.

Gem Theatre Variety Artists

Photo Danseuse Amelia Gorenflo 1865
Gem Theatre Dancer and variety artist.
© Picture History
In Deadwood
In regard to: Gorenflo, Amelia
Apr 20 1880

Lady artist at the Gem, daughter severly burned
In regard to: Gorenflo, Amelia
Jun 19 1880

5 year old burned severly when clothes caught fire
In regard to: Gorenflo, Addie
Jun 19 1880

Dr treating Addie Gorenflo for burns
In regard to: Wilms,
Jun 25 1880

Getting along splendidly after being severely burned
In regard to: Gorenflo, Addie
Jun 25 1880

Photo Danseuse Amelia Gorenflo 1875
Gem Theatre Dancer and variety artist.
© Picture History

Photo Ada Richmond 1870
Theatre Manaager and variety artist.
© Picture History

Straight from Ada Richmond’s Burlesque Opera Co.
Inregard to: Sexton, Inez, Gem Theatre songstress
Dec 30 1879

Photo of Deadwood 1876 by Photographer S. J. Morrow
© The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
photo link.